A and An

A or an can be precede only singular count nouns; they mean one. They can be used in a general statement or to introduce a subject which has not been previously mentioned.

  • A baseball is round. (general—means all baseballs)
  • I saw a boy in the street. (We don’t know which boy)

An is used before words that begin with a vowel sound. A is used before words that begin with a consonant sound.

Example:

A book an apple

Some words can be confusing because the spelling does not indicate the pronunciation.

  • A house (begins with a consonant sound)
  • An hour (begins with a vowel sound)
  • A university (begins with a consonant sound)
  • An umbrella (begins with a vowel sound)

The following words begin with a consonant sound and thus must always be precede by a.

European; eulogy; euphemism; eucalyptus;

house; home; heavy; half;

uniform; university; universal; union

The following words begin with a vowel sound and thus must always be precede by an.

hour; heir; herbal; honor;

uncle; umbrella; unnatural; understanding

the initial sound of the word that immediately follows the indefinite article will determine whether it should be a or an.

an umbrella; a white umbrella

an hour; a white hour

50 thoughts on “A and An

  1. salam. wah dah jadi sarjana gravatarnya berubah neng. i wish u more adult and wise, i run after u(biasa…kalo salah dibetulkan he..)

  2. Kalo saya menjelaskan tentang a dan an, kaya’ gini:

    1. untuk anak kecil (di bawah 9 tahun)
    kata benda yang berawalan huruf hidup diberi imbuhan an

    2. apabila anak kecil itu sudah besaran dikit
    yang diberi imbuhan an hanyalah yang dibaca sesuai dengan petunjuk Mbak di atas!

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